Wilms' tumor is the commonest kidney tumor in childhood. It is also called nephroblastoma.
Treatment for wilms' tumor is multidisciplinary.It includes surgery, chemotherapy & radiotherapy
Surgery- includes radical nephrectomy with lymph node sampling
Chemotherapy- combination of drugs like Vincristine / Actinomycin- D/ Cyclophosphamide.
Radiotherapy- is given to the flank in advanced disease or to the chest if there are metastasis.
Prognosis:This is one of the most curable cancer. the cure rate is more than 80% with multimodality treatment.
Other tumors of kidney in childhood
1. Clear cell sarcoma
2. Rhabdoid tumor
3. Renal cell carcinoma
4. Primitive neuroectodermal tumor
5. Infantile osteoid producing kidney tumor.