Dec 18, 2012

Surgical management of Ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction:

The goals in treating patients with ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction are to improve renal drainage and to maintain or improve renal function.

Surgical Treatment:

Open pyeloplasty
Laparoscopic pyeloplasty
Robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty.

The principles of surgical repair:

Formation of a funnel
Dependent drainage
Watertight anastomosis
Tension-free anastom

Types of pyeloplasty

Anderson-Hynes dismembered pyeloplasty
 Foley Y-V plasty
Culp and DeWeerd
Scardino and Prince


1. The stricture should be short (< 1.5 cm), and no crossing vessels should be defined on imaging
2. An endopyelotomy incision is performed through the area of obstruction with a laser, electrocautery, or endoscopic scalpel.
3. This is followed by prolonged ureteral stenting, for a period of 4-8 weeks. 
4. When open pyeloplasty fails, endopyelotomy is particularly useful

Laparoscopic pyeloplasty

This procedure is replacing open pyeloplasty as the criterion standard with 95% success rates.Significant learning curve associated with laparoscopic suturing


Complications from open surgical pyeloplasty include UTI and pyelonephritis,urinary extravasation and leakage, recurrent ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction, or stricture formation.